Types of Counselling and Treatments

There are many types of counselling and psychotherapy that may be appropriate and beneficial to you in addressing your difficulties. One of the goals of any initial meeting with me and indeed the initial assessment is to understand the nature of your difficulties and what type of counselling or psychotherapy may be of benefit to you.

Counselling can include professional advice and coaching about the nature of your difficulties, types of strategies you might consider to manage difficult situations, as well as developing a specific program designed to bring about a change in life style, behaviour, or activity. 


Psychotherapy is most frequently used to address specific clinical difficulties that may be short or long-lasting, such as dealing with depression, anxiety, or self-harm, as well as to address difficulties in relationships, in the workplace or among family members. Psychotherapy can be explorative designed to uncover the source and possible solution to problems or more directive, designed to alleviate symptoms of depression or anxiety and return you to an earlier level of functioning in a number of weeks.

There are sure to be a number of underlying difficulties, whether they arise at work, or in relationships, or have developed after experiencing a severe setback, disappointment, or even traumatic event. The goal of psychotherapy is to address both the clinical difficulty, such as the depression, as well as the underlying causes, such as conflict at work or in relationships. There are many types of psychotherapy. Here are just a few. We would be happy to discuss other options.


Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy works to change the way in which individuals think and act following negative or unpleasant situations, such as following setbacks (such as a failure), after a negative events (such as criticism or ridicule) or when confronted with ambiguous events (i.e., when someone withholds praise).

Everyone will experience setbacks, negative thoughts and doubts from time to time. But most of the time, people are able to keep these thoughts in perspective and reminder yourself that things will get better, or that you are over reacting, and that things may not be that bad. In some instance, these thoughts can become very severe, very frequent and very unfavourable. For example, when people become depressed, thinking often become overly negative (e.g., everything is bad),

When these thought become extremely, it is easy to appreciate how they can take much of the enjoyment out of life and even make you avoid those situations that make you feel worthwhile as a person. It is the goal of cognitive behavioural therapy is to un-learn overly critical and harsh ways of thinking and to learn more balanced ways of thinking about yourself, your relationships and the world around you.

Cognitive behaviour therapy is one of the most effective forms of psychotherapies that has been developed and researched to date. It has shown to be effective for clinical depression, anxiety disorders, chronic pain, as well as eating disorders, low self esteem and social phobias.


Interpersonal Psychotherapy

Interpersonal Psychotherapy works to change the way in which individuals get along with others and improve the ways in which individual's interpersonal needs. Interpersonal therapy is often described as a "loss" based model. Many if not most individuals will experience one or more important losses in their lifetimes. Interpersonal therapy was designed to deal with a number of different losses and unmet needs that can arise from interpersonal conflict, transitions at work and in life, death of loved one, or even a failure to fit in.

For example, long standing interpersonal conflict in relationships can lead to a loss of intimacy, respect and closeness that can lead to persistent conflict, whether among couples, partners, or even among parents and children. Long standing losses and unmet needs can lead to or exacerbate clinical depression. Interpersonal therapy works to restore individuals dealing with depression to an earlier stage of wellness, by helping individuals to identify the types of losses they have experienced and to develop or improve interpersonal strategies to fill those loss and met those un-met needs.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy has also been showed to be extremely effective for the treatment of clinical depression, as well as eating disorders.


Other forms of Treatment

There are many other forms of treatment -- by some estimates as many as 400 different types of treatment. Not all of these have been well researched and not all of them have been shown to be effective. I would be pleased to discuss other forms of treatment with you at your convenience.